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October 18, 2006

NCEA

The Source of Information and Assistance on Elder Abuse


State Elder Abuse Laws



Finding State Laws

A variety of resources exist that will enable you to research and obtain copies of state laws. Libraries and the Internet will be the most likely resources.

If you are looking for the law of your own state, the public library in your community may have a set of statutes. If a law library near you is open to the public (check at the courthouse that serves your community or at a local law school), you will definitely be able to access the statutes there. If you want to find a law of another state, or if you have no access to statutes at any public or law libraries near you, then your best option is to search the Internet.

Use the Web sites that follow to research state laws online.

Finding Tools


Need tips for searching? See Internet Search Tips following index of State Statutory Citations.



State by State Statutory Citations

Key to Abbreviations
APS: Adult Protective Services
Inst. Abuse: Institutional Abuse (Nursing Homes, Assisted Living, Board and Care)
LTCOP: Long Term Care Ombudsman Program



Alabama

APS: Ala. Code �-9-1 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Ala. Code �-5A-1 et seq.



Alaska

APS: Alaska Stat. �.24.010 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Alaska Stat. �.21.231 et seq.



Arizona

APS: Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. �-451 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. �-452.01 & .02



Arkansas

APS: Ark. Code Ann. �28-101 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Ark. Code Ann. �-10-601 et seq.



California

APS: Cal. Welf. & Inst. Code �750 et seq.
(see also the Elder and Adult Civil Protection Act, Cal. Welf. & Inst. Code �600 et seq.)
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Cal. Welf. & Inst. Code �00 et seq.



Colorado

APS: Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. �-3.1-101 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. �-11.5-101 et seq.



Connecticut

APS: Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. �b-450 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. �b-400 et seq.



Delaware

APS: Del. Code Ann. tit. 31, �01 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: Del. Code Ann. tit. 16, �31 et seq.
LTCOP: Del. Code Ann. tit. 16, �50 et seq.



District of Columbia

APS: D.C. Code Ann. �2501 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: D.C. Code Ann. �3501



Florida

APS: Fla. Stat. Ann. �5.101 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Fla. Stat. Ann. �0.0060 et seq.



Georgia

APS: Ga. Code Ann. �-5-1 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: Ga. Code Ann. �-8-80 et seq.
LTCOP: Ga. Code Ann. �-8-51 et seq.



Hawaii

APS: Haw. Rev. Stat. �6-221 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Haw. Rev. Stat. �9-12 et seq.



Idaho

APS: Idaho Code �-5301 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Idaho Code �-5009 et seq.



Illinois

APS: 320 Ill. Comp. Stat. 20/1 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: 210 Ill. Comp. Stat. 30/1 et seq.
LTCOP: 20 Ill. Comp. Stat. 105/4.04



Indiana

APS: Ind. Code Ann. �-10-3-1 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Ind. Code Ann. �-10-13 et seq.



Iowa

APS: Iowa Code Ann. �5B.1 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Iowa Code Ann. �1.41 et seq.



Kansas

APS: Kan. Stat. Ann. �-1430 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: Kan. Stat. Ann. �-1401 et seq.
LTCOP: Kan. Stat. Ann. �-5916 et seq.



Kentucky

APS: Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. �9.005 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. �6.541 and 905 Ky. Admin. Regs. 8:210 (this is a regulation; the statute authorizes the program but doesn't provide details about function)



Louisiana

APS: La. Rev. Stat. Ann. �:403.2 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: La. Rev. Stat. Ann. �:2010.1 et seq.



Maine

APS: Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 22, �70 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 22, �07-A et seq.



Maryland

APS: Md. Code Ann., Fam. Law �-101 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: Md. Code Ann., Health �-347
LTCOP: Md. Code Ann., Art. 70B �



Massachusetts

APS: Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 19A, � et seq.
Inst. Abuse: Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 111, �F et seq.
LTCOP: Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 19A, � et seq.



Michigan

APS: Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. �0.11 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. �0.11f
LTCOP: Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. �0.586g et seq.



Minnesota

APS: Minn. Stat. Ann. �6.557 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Minn. Stat. Ann. �6.974 et seq.



Mississippi

APS: Miss. Code Ann. �-47-1 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: Miss. Code Ann. �-47-37
LTCOP: Miss. Code Ann. �-7-51 et seq.



Missouri

APS: Mo. Ann. Stat. �0.250 et seq. & �0.300 et seq.
(the provisions of 660.300 et seq. apply only to individuals who are receiving "in-home services" as defined by �0.250(6))
Inst. Abuse: Mo. Ann. Stat. �8.070
LTCOP: Mo. Ann. Stat. �0.600 et seq.



Montana

APS: Mont. Code Ann. �-3-801 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Mont. Code Ann. �-3-601 et seq.



Nebraska

APS: Neb. Rev. Stat. �-348 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Neb. Rev. Stat. �-2237 et seq.



Nevada

APS: Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. �0.5091 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. �7A.125 et seq.



New Hampshire

APS: N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. �1-F:42 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. �1-F:10 et seq.



New Jersey

APS: N.J. Stat. Ann. �:27D-406 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N.J. Stat. Ann. �:27G-7.1
LTCOP: N.J. Stat. Ann. �:27G-1 et seq.



New Mexico

APS: N.M. Stat. Ann. �-7-14 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: N.M. Stat. Ann. �-17-1 et seq.



New York

APS: N.Y. Soc. Serv. Law, Art. 9B, �3 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: N.Y. Exec. Law, Art. 19J, �4-a et seq.



North Carolina

APS: N.C. Gen. Stat. �8A-99 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: N.C. Gen. Stat. �3B-181.15 et seq.



North Dakota

APS: N.D. Cent. Code �-25.2 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: N.D. Cent. Code �-10.1-01 et seq.



Ohio

APS: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. �01.60 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. �3.14 et seq.



Oklahoma

APS: Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 43A, �-101 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 63, �2211 et seq.



Oregon

APS: Or. Rev. Stat. �4.050 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: Or. Rev. Stat. �1.630 et seq.
LTCOP: Or. Rev. Stat. �1.100 et seq.



Pennsylvania

APS: 35 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. �225.101 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: 71 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. �1-3 (24.2)



Rhode Island
APS: R.I. Gen. Laws �-66-4.1 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: R.I. Gen. Laws �-17.8-1 et seq.
LTCOP: R.I. Gen. Laws �-66.7-1 et seq.



South Carolina

APS: S.C. Code Ann. �-35-5 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: S.C. Code Ann. �-38-10 et seq.



South Dakota

APS: S.D. Codified Laws Ann. �-46-1 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: S.D. Codified Laws Ann. �-1-45.6 et seq.



Tennessee

APS: Tenn. Code Ann. �-6-101 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Tenn. Code Ann. �-2-111



Texas

APS: Tex. Hum. Res. Code Ann. �.001 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: Tex. Health & Safety Code Ann. �2.121. et seq.
LTCOP: Tex. Hum. Res. Code Ann. �1.051 et seq.



Utah

APS: Utah Code Ann. �A-3-301 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Utah Code Ann. �A-3-201 et seq.



Vermont

APS: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 33, �01 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 33, �01 et seq.



Virginia

APS: Va. Code Ann. �.1-55.2 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Va. Code Ann. �1-373.1 et seq.



Washington

APS: Wash. Rev. Code Ann. �.34.010 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Wash. Rev. Code Ann. �.190.010 et seq.



West Virginia

APS: W.Va. Code �6-1 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: W.Va. Code �-5L-1



Wisconsin

APS: Wis. Stat. Ann. �.90 et seq. &�.001 et seq.
(�.001 relates to protective placement only)
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Wis. Stat. Ann. �.009 et seq.



Wyoming

APS: Wyo. Stat. Ann. �-20-102 et seq.
Inst. Abuse: N/A
LTCOP: Wyo. Stat. Ann. �2-1301 et seq.



State-by-State Mandatory Reporting Requirements



Internet Search Tips

Researching laws of the states is like detective work: it requires time, experience, and knowledge of how states reference their laws. What follows are some basic guidelines for Internet searches.

The first problem you may encounter when doing a Web search is actually locating each state's laws. A state may refer to its laws as statutes, code(s), or laws. You may have to look carefully to find the appropriate term; it may be listed on its own or it may be combined with other things such as a state's constitution or administrative regulations.

The second problem, finding the actual law for which you are looking, is even more complicated. You may be able to search by typing in citation numbers, doing a keyword search, or both.

Global searches might be difficult unless you know the exact title of the law you are seeking. For example, California's APS law is titled "Adult Protective Services," whereas North Carolina's APS law is titled "Protection of the Abused, Neglected or Exploited Disabled Adult Act." (Names of laws are more likely to be revised than citation numbers, which is why we have listed state citation numbers rather than the statutory titles.)

States also have different ways of formatting their citations. The citations listed above are written in "blue book" format. This is the format that is used most often by lawyers when they are writing articles or documents for presentation to a court and it is the appropriate way to indicate citations in a document such as this one. These citations give you the information you need to use the finding tools above; however, it will be easier to use that information if you understand the meaning of the numbers and the importance of their order.

It can be very important to know in what code, chapter, or title a provision of the law is located. Sometimes a citation format will clearly indicate that information, as in the citations for California and Delaware. Most other states, however, are like Alabama and Alaska, which simply use numerical and symbolic (hyphens, colons, periods) formats as a guide to indicate the location of a provision of law. The first number of the guide is the broadest category, and the latter numbers indicate categories that are more specific.

Thus, if the Web site you are searching prompts you to first indicate what section, title, chapter you are looking for, and the citation does not explicitly use those (or any) terms, use the first number provided. The subsequent numbers indicate sub-parts, and should be used in the order indicated.

This symbol -- represents "Section." Be aware that blue book format calls for the section symbol to be used unless a state's citation format indicates otherwise. This means that even when the section symbol is given here, the statute may actually use such terms as "title" or "chapter" or "code." For example, Florida's APS law is found at "chapter 415, section 101," not at "section 415, subsection 101." Again, if you understand the meaning of the numbers and the importance of their order, you will be able to use them regardless of the words that are used to describe them.

The term "et seq." is an abbreviation that means "and the following." It indicates that there is more than one sub-part to the statute.


National Center on Elder Abuse
1201 15th Street, N.W., Suite 350 · Washington, DC 20005-2842
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http://www.elderabusecenter.org/