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January 23, 2007


The Source of Information and Assistance on Elder Abuse

Elder Abuse and Neglect Articles and Publications
July 2003 - June 2004

161. P5421-73
National Association of Triads, Inc. (NATI)
National Association of Triads, Inc. (NATI) Handbook
National Association of TRIADS, Inc. (NATI); 2003.
To quote from the Introduction: "This handbook is designed to assist law enforcement officers and senior citizens interested in implementing a comprehensive crime prevention program for older persons..." It explains what Triad is, how it works, and how to design and implement such a program in local communities. Triad is a three-way coalition between police chiefs, sheriffs and older and retired leaders to reduce crime against older residents, which was first formed in 1988. The handbook provides practical guidelines on developing the advisory council, often known as SALT or Seniors and Lawmen Together, which is a key to the success of any Triad. Initially, the representatives must survey the area seniors to determine what needs must be addressed (violent crime, financial exploitation, etc.), and an ongoing evaluation of the objectives identified. Triad offers advocacy and support to older victims of crime at all stages of intervention (from reporting through court room procedures), combats vulnerability (through prevention and education programs), may develop reassurance programs (such as Adopt a Senior, senior buddy systems or telephone reassurance programs), and fosters a greater understanding of the needs of older citizens among police offices through training. A detailed discussion regarding the needs of older victims who have Alzheimer's dementia is included. Appendices include such forms as cooperative agreement, departmental policy, a sample letter of invitation, evaluation forms, survey forms, and informational forms on various programs. (Note: This publication is available online. Access through the and linking on National Association of Triads, Inc.)

162. P5475-177
Payne, B.
Crime in the Home Health Care Field - Workplace Violence, Fraud, and Abuse
Charles C. Thomas Publisher, Ltd., Springfield, IL; 2003.
As the need for home health care (HHC) services has increased significantly within the past decade, the evidence indicates that crime and abuse within the field has increased as well. Written by a professor of criminology, this book first presents an overview of the field and then details the types of abuses occurring in this setting. The types of crimes committed may be categorized as work place, corporate, occupational or white-collar crimes, violence or deviance. Verbal abuse, physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse, financial abuse, theft, emotional abuse, drug-related offenses, and rights violations are examined within this context. Theft from Medicare and Medicaid as well as other types of fraud (such as provision of unnecessary services, billing for services not provided, double billing and overcharging, forgery and negative charting) are described. Since statistics indicate that health care workers are 16 times more likely than other workers to be victims of workplace violence, and it is estimated that one in three community based nurses are abused on the job annually, one chapter addresses the victimization of care recipients, family members or others in the environment. The role of HHC as a witness of elder abuse is emphasized and guidelines for use in documentation of suspected mistreatment are provided. The response of the criminal justice system, (including investigations, criminal and civil prosecutions, False Claims Act prosecutions, and qui tam lawsuits) is also discussed. A listing of Medicaid Fraud Control Unit Contacts throughout the country is provided, along with a listing of the state statutes with penalty enhancement for crimes involving the elderly. The book concludes with a discussion of prevention strategies that stem from an understanding of institutional causes, organizational causes and societal causes. (Note: This book is not available through CANE.)

163. M99-401
Snyder, D. & Christmas, C., eds., for the American Geriatrics Society, and the National Council of State EMS Training Coordinators
Geriatric Education for Emergency Medical Services
Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Sudbury, MA; 2003.
This text, part of a national continuing education program, is designed to provide pertinent geriatric knowledge, including knowledge regarding elder abuse and neglect, to emergency medical service professionals (EMTs, EMS, paramedics, pre-hospital personnel, first responders, etc.). The chapter devoted to elder abuse and neglect offers an overview of elder mistreatment, including risk factors, physical, psychological and social indicators of abuse, neglect and self-neglect, interviewing strategies, and interventions (such as reporting and documentation). The text includes case studies, advanced life support (ALS) alerts, communication tips, medication tips, attitude tips and detailed procedures. The GEMS diamond is an acronym that serves to remind health care professionals that geriatric patients are unique, and environmental, medical and social issues require assessment. (Note: This book is available from Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Sudbury, Massachusetts, 978-443-5000, email Price: $38.95. For more information regarding the GEMS program, including information on "train the trainer" roll-outs, resources such as the GEMS CD-ROM tool kit and other products, visit the Web site at .)


Testimony from U.S. Senate Special Committee on Aging hearings may be accessed online from

164. U.S. Senate Special Committee on Aging
Access to Adequate Health Insurance: How Does the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission's Recent Rule Affect Retiree Health Benefits?
Washington, D.C.; 5/17/04.

165. U.S. Senate Special Committee on Aging
Internet Fraud Hits Seniors: As Seniors Venture into the Web, the Financial Predators Lurk and Take Aim
Washington, DC; March 23, 2004.

166. U.S. Senate Special Committee on Aging
Crime Without Criminals? Seniors, Dementia and the Aftermath
Washington, D.C.; March 22, 2004.

167. U.S. Senate Special Committee on Aging
Predatory Lending
Washington, D.C.; February 24, 2004

168. U.S. Senate Special Committee on Aging
Families Helping Families: Tax Relief Strategies for Eldercare
Washington, D.C.; February 10, 2004.

169. U.S. Senate Special Committee on Aging
Shattering the Silence: Confronting the Perils of Family Elder Abuse
Washington, D.C.; October 20, 2003.

170. U.S. Senate Special Committee on Aging
Ensuring the integrity of Social Security Programs: Protecting Seniors from Representative Payee Fraud
Washington, D.C.; September 9, 2003.

171. U.S. Senate Special Committee on Aging
Senior Depression: Life-Saving Mental Health Treatments for Older Americans
Washington, D.C.; July 28 2003.

Other Committee Hearings:

172. U.S. Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions - Sub-committee on Aging
Executive Session - Sub-Committee on Aging Hearing on Financial Abuse and Exploitation
Washington, D.C.; October 30 2003.
The witness testimony may be accessed online at .

173. U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary
Elder Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation: Are We Doing Enough?
Washington, D.C.; September 24 2003.
The witness testimony may be accessed online at .)

Note: Some reference materials obtained through electronic resources do not include beginning and ending pages or issue numbers. However, the volume and/or publication dates are included and should provide enough information to locate the reference.

Web addresses provided are current as of this posting. If you cannot link to a resource from the Web address given, please enter the title into a generic search engine (such as Google) to find the new page, or contact CANE at or 302/831-3525.)

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National Center on Elder Abuse
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