|March 2005 | Volume 7 | No. 5
Policy & Legislation
Scott Nystrom, Ph.D. has been appointed Executive Director of the 2005 White House Conference on Aging (WHCoA). Dr. Nystrom has had extensive experience in the public policy arena, most recently as senior policy advisor to the U.S. Senate Special Committee on Aging chaired by Senator Larry Craig of Idaho. Earlier, he served as senior policy advisor to President Clinton's Bipartisan Commission on Entitlement and Tax Reform, as legislative assistant to U.S. Rep. Jim McCrery of Louisiana, and as senior staff in the Office of Management and Budget during the George H.W. Bush and Reagan Administrations.
Meanwhile, in other news. . .
The deadline for submitting the names of delegates appointed to represent the states, U.S. territories, Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, District of Columbia, and National Congress of American Indians has been extended from March 15, 2005 to April 15, 2005.
For more information about the delegate appointment process go to >> whcoa.gov
"The improved response to elder abuse and neglect by the justice system must be predicated on laws that take into account the special nature of these victims, the crimes, committed against them, and the perpetrators.
It's been a very busy legislative season. Here is a snapshot of important bills relating to elder abuse that state lawmakers around the country are now debating and working on.
Alaska calls for civil justice reforms
Arizona seeks cap on attorney fees in elder abuse cases
California Bankers Association sponsors elder abuse legislation
Florida calls for more stringent penalties and law enforcement training
Iowa bills aim to expand penalties and outreach
HF 259/SSB 1220 An act relating to Dependent Adults and "At-Risk" Older Adults, including protective services, expands the target population served to include "at-risk" older adults.
Massachusetts bills focus on nursing home abuse, domestic violence and sexual assault, and fraud prevention
SB 1286 Statewide policy to encourage the education and training of health professions with respect to the screening, identification and referral of victims of domestic violence and sexual assault.
SB 404 An act instructing the Secretary of Elder Affairs to draft a Senior Bill of Rights to protect Massachusetts citizens from scams and other frauds.
SB 377 An act requiring background checks of all potential nursing home and assisted living residents.
Missouri seeks mandatory minimum sentencing
Minnesota seeks tougher penalties for neglect
New Mexico targets identity theft and penalties for sexual offenses
HB 712 Sexual Offenses Against Incapacitated Persons enhances criminal penalties for crimes committed against persons who are unconscious, asleep, physically helpless, or suffer from a mental condition that limits capacity to understand the nature or consequence of the act.
Rhode Island Attorney General backs package of elder justice bills
S 558 Rights of Nursing Home Patients would establish minimum staffing levels for nursing facilities.
S 724 Citizens Commission for the Safety and Care of the Elderly expands the commission's liaison role to include public safety officials, Department of Elderly Affairs, fire safety, and protective services.
S 0728 An Act Relating to Criminal Offenses - Assaults. If passed this bill would impose a mandatory 20 year prison sentence for any person who commits an assault or battery upon a person 60 years or older causing serious bodily injury.
In Focus: Elderly Sexual Abuse and Assault
*Although elderly victimization is not addressed specifically, these studies help to shed light about the problem of underreporting of sexual assaults.
SOURCES: Wisconsin Coalition Against Sexual Assault wcasa.org/resources/factsheets/oldersa.html
The forensic rape exam kit, used to collect evidence, is a specially sealed box that contains envelopes, swabs and other containers used to collect evidence. A completed kit will generally include the following components:
By ANN TURNER
Wisconsin Coalition Against Domestic Violence, National Clearinghouse on Abuse in Later Life
For the past three years the U.S. Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) has awarded training grants nationally for training law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and court personnel to recognize, address, investigate, and prosecute cases of elder abuse, neglect and exploitation, and violence against people with disabilities, including domestic violence and sexual assault against older or disabled individuals.
A third round of funding for Training Grants to Stop Abuse and Sexual Assault Against Older Individuals or Individuals with Disabilities began October 1, 2004. As a part of this work, OVW contracted with the Wisconsin Coalition Against Domestic Violence's National Clearinghouse on Abuse in Later Life (NCALL) to provide training and technical assistance to the grantees. The 2004-2006 Training Grant recipients are listed below.
2004-2006 OVW Training Grantees
University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS
Project HAVEN (Halting Abuse of Vulnerable Adults Education Network), the University of Southern Mississippi Institute for Disability Studies, Mississippi Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Mississippi Coalition Against Sexual Assault, Coalition for Citizens with Disabilities, and Mississippi Attorney General's Office have formed a consortium to provide statewide training and consultation to law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and judges, on abuse, neglect, and violence (including domestic violence and sexual assault) against adults with disabilities and elderly adults.
State of Iowa, Des Moines, IA
The Iowa Department of Elder Affairs, Iowa Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Iowa Law Enforcement Academy and Polk County Attorney's Office have formed a coalition to provide training to law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and relevant officers of federal, state and local courts in recognizing, investigating, and prosecuting abuse, neglect, exploitation, domestic violence, and sexual assault against older individuals and individuals with disabilities.
Minnesota County Attorney's Association, St. Paul, MN
The Minnesota County Attorney's Association, Minnesota Coalition Against Sexual Assault, Minnesota Network on Abuse in Later Life, and Minnesota Coalition for Battered Women have formed a coalition to provide training to assist prosecutors, law enforcement, and tribal professionals in investigating and prosecuting elder abuse, including domestic violence and sexual assault.
Nevada Office of the Attorney General, NV
The Nevada Office of the Attorney General, Las Vegas Metro Police Department, and Sanford Center for Aging, University of Nevada, Reno formed a coalition to address issues facing both elderly and disabled victims of abuse and sexual assault. The project will be the first comprehensive needs assessment in the State of Nevada to delve into the challenges facing the criminal justice system when abuse and sexual assault victims are elderly or disabled. Results will be incorporated into a training curriculum that will be presented at two regional conferences.
Temple University, Philadelphia, PA
This initiative seeks to provide evidence-based elder victim sexual assault investigation skills to Pennsylvania law enforcement officers in three Pennsylvania counties through a partnership between Temple University's Institute on Protective Services, Southwestern Pennsylvania Area Agency on Aging, Berks County Office of Aging, Berks County District Attorney's Office, and Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape. Additionally, the group plans to provide basic elder abuse identification, intervention and regional training to all Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole agents and the state's 67 county probation agents through collaboration with Pennsylvania State Board of Probation and Parole.
Cuyahoga County Prosecuting Attorney's Office, Cleveland, OH
This applicant proposed the establishment of the Northern Ohio Elder Protection Training Council, with the objective to dramatically reduce instances of abuse, neglect, exploitation, domestic violence and sexual assault against older individuals across the 40 counties of the Northern District of Ohio. Through collaboration between Cuyahoga County Office of the Prosecuting Attorney, Summit County Prosecutor's Office, Mahoning County Prosecutors Office, and Collins Group, curriculum will be developed and training will be provided to law enforcement, prosecutors, and probation officers.
Compass Coordination, Inc., Nashville, TN
Compass Coordination, Inc. is working with Mid-South Training Institute and YWCA of Greater Memphis to design a curriculum and to implement training workshops that address the unique issues law enforcement officers face while assisting people with disabilities and older individuals who are victims of domestic violence and/or sexual assault. A minimum of eight workshops will be delivered statewide by experts on the topic areas.
Sexual Assault and Trauma Resource Center of Rhode Island, Providence, RI
The Sexual Assault & Trauma Resource Center of Rhode Island, in conjunction with the Rhode Island Coalition Against Domestic Violence and two of the state's leading advocacy agencies for older individuals and people with disabilities, is planning a multifaceted collaborative training effort to reach law enforcement, prosecutors, judiciary, and other professionals throughout Rhode Island.
The Arc of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM
The Arc of New Mexico is partnering with local domestic violence programs in Las Cruces and Aztec to train law enforcement officers and prosecutors to recognize, investigate, and prosecute crimes of abuse, domestic violence, and sexual assault against individuals with developmental disabilities.
Vera House, Inc., Syracuse, NY
Vera House, Inc. plans to develop curriculum and implement training for court personnel and judges across Central New York on abuse and sexual assault of older individuals. Priority attention will be given to victim safety and offender accountability, unique needs of older individuals victimized, and special considerations of court cases involving older individuals. The project will also modify and expand its current Law Enforcement Curriculum to target New York State Troopers, and will specifically address the issues and unique needs of the largely rural population they serve.
Lifespan of Greater Rochester, Inc., Rochester, NY
Lifespan of Greater Rochester, Inc. is working with the Monroe Community College Public Safety Training Facility and Alternatives for Battered Women to develop curriculum to train law enforcement and 150 peace (probation) officers in Monroe County to recognize elder abuse in all its forms and to facilitate effective victim safety responses and criminal justice intervention.
New York State Coalition Against Sexual Assault, Albany, NY
The Disability and Sexual Assault Education Project is a collaborative initiative between the New York State Coalition Against Sexual Assault and Self-Advocacy Association of New York State to train law enforcement officers on meeting the needs and understanding the rights of individuals with disabilities who are victims of sexual violence in New York.
The Turning Point (Rape Crisis Center of Collin County), Plano, TX
The Turning Point of Plano, located just north of Dallas, is collaborating with Hope's Door and Maurice Barnett Geriatric Wellness Center to provide training to law enforcement, courts, and prosecutors in dealing with issues of sexual assault, domestic violence, and assault in older adult populations and populations of individuals with disabilities.
SafePlace (Travis County Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Survival Center), Austin, TX
SafePlace of Austin, in partnership with Family Eldercare (an Austin based nonprofit service provider to older individuals and persons with disabilities) and Deaf Abused Women and Children Advocacy Services (an Austin-based nonprofit victim service provider to the Deaf and hard-of-hearing community) will enhance their current training efforts to increase awareness, skills and education of law enforcement, prosecutors, and other criminal justice personnel in working with sexual and domestic abuse crime victims with disabilities.
California District Attorney's Association, Sacramento, CA
The California District Attorneys Association (CDAA), in collaboration with the California Coalition Against Sexual Assault, National Adult Protective Services Association, Statewide California Coalition for Battered Women, and National Association of Prosecutor Coordinators, will plan and sponsor specialized workshops for prosecutors and allied professionals in California. CDAA also will produce a DVD, to distribute nationally to prosecutor offices handling criminal cases in state courts, law enforcement trainers, and state adult protective services administrators, and companion Web site materials as well.
Ann Turner is Technical Assistance Specialist for the National Clearinghouse on Abuse in Later Life (NCALL), www.ncall.us, Wisconsin Coalition Against Domestic Violence. Ms. Turner can be reached at email@example.com or (608) 255-0539.
Special thanks to Bonnie Brandl, NCALL Coordinator, for reviewing this special issue on sexual assault against the elderly. Ms. Brandl currently serves as a consultant to the National Center on Elder Abuse on the issues of domestic violence in later life and elder abuse.
April 5 is "A Day to End Sexual Violence." For more information, see nsvrc.org/saam_new/2005_products.htm
June 1-3, 2005
Third National Sexual Assault Response Team Conference
"Partnering for Success: Accomplishments, Challenges, and the Road Ahead"
Hilton San Francisco
San Francisco, CA
Sponsored by the Sexual Assault Resource Service of Minnesota, with funding from the U.S. Office of Victims of Crime, the conference is geared towards law enforcement, SANEs and other medical examiners, advocates, prosecutors, and crime lab specialists.
Agenda online >> www.sane-sart.com/index.php?topic=topicConferences
September 27-30, 2005
National Sexual Assault Conference
Sheraton Station Square
A conference on sexual violence prevention and intervention, sponsored by the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape.
Early Registration Deadline: July 11, 2005
Online Registration >> pcar.org/conference/index.html
The Clearinghouse on Abuse and Neglect of the Elderly has begun posting information about Memoranda of Understanding and Memoranda of Agreement related to elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation. The collection now includes examples from Arizona, Florida, Maine, New Mexico, Texas, and Wisconsin. To learn more, go to db.rdms.udel.edu:8080/CANE/index.jsp
Share your experiences!
We want to hear from you! Please send copies of your agreements to the Clearinghouse on Abuse and Neglect of the Elderly CANE-UD@udel.edu. If it is not possible to transmit documents electronically, please mail them to CANE, 211 Alison Hall West, Department of Consumer Studies, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, or fax them to (302) 831-6081 Attn: CANE.
If you have any questions, please call Sharon Merriman-Nai at (302) 831-3525.
This latest addition to the CANE Bibliography Series examines the role of the Long Term Care Ombudsman in protecting residents living in nursing and assisted care facilities.
To access, go to > > elderabusecenter.org/default.cfm?p=cane_LTCOmbudsman.cfm
Sign up today for
The National Center
On Elder Abuse Listserve.
See our Web site for details.
Utah Department of Aging and Adult Services, 2004 Annual Report hsdaas.utah.gov/pdf/2004_DAAS_Annual_Report.pdf
1The statistics highlighted in this column are gathered from a variety of state-specific data sources and should be cited using the sources referenced. Readers should note that elder abuse incidence and prevalence rates vary among states and differ depending upon the definitions used and state laws regarding reporting. The National Center on Elder Abuse cannot guarantee and assumes no responsibility for the accuracy or completeness of the information.
References & Resources
By Karen A. Roberto, Ph.D., Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Center for Gerontology firstname.lastname@example.org and Pamela B. Teaster, Ph.D., University of Kentucky Graduate Center for Gerontology email@example.com
Violence Against Women, Vol. 11, No. 4 / April 2005
Aggregated data from 125 substantiated Adult Protective Services cases of sexually abused women were collected during a 5-year period. Women older than 59 years represented 63% of the cases. Regardless of age, the most common types of abuse involved sexualized kissing and fondling and unwelcome sexual interest in the women's body. Most identified perpetrators were older males. Family members were most likely to abuse women living in the community, whereas women living in facilities usually experienced abuse by another resident. Perpetrators were prosecuted and convicted in six cases. About 12% of the women continued to be at risk of further sexual abuse.
By Dean G. Kirkpatrick, Ph.D. and Kenneth J. Ruggerio, Ph.D.
National Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center, Medical University of North Carolina
Many victims/survivors who do not report to law enforcement or participate in victimization surveys do seek services from rape crisis centers or other sexual assault agencies. Such rape victims show up in agency case loads but not in official rape statistics. Therefore, it is important for agencies to compile and disseminate statistics on the rape victims they serve because many of these victims will be invisible otherwise.
On the Internet >> vaw.umn.edu/cgi-bin/documents/documents.pl?sort=date&category=237&detail=1
By R. Amy Elman, Ph.D., firstname.lastname@example.org, Kalamazoo College, Department of Political Science
SUMMARY / ABSTRACT
The erroneous assumption that women with disabilities are asexual has not freed them from sexual abuse. This document opens with a brief overview of the knowledge concerning the sexual abuse of women with disabilities. It then considers the methodological quandaries related to sexual abuse research in general and the data on women with disabilities and the men that abuse them. The author concludes with an exploration of the efforts of women with disabilities and their allies to counter sexual abuse. These include, but are not limited to, research, personal and group confrontation techniques, administrative remedies, and formal legal redress.
On the Internet >> vaw.umn.edu/documents/vawnet/arsvanddisability/arsvanddisability.html
The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a vital source of federal funds to states that addresses the needs of abused and neglected adults and children. SSBG is a capped entitlement program. Funds are appropriated in proportion to each state's population.
SSBG Statistics at a Glance
To review APS data by state, go to >> acf.hhs.gov/programs/ocs/ssbg/docs/ssbg_focus_2002/focus_adult.html
SOURCE: Administration for Children and Families, Social Services Block Grant Annual Report, 2002 acf.hhs.gov/programs/ocs/ssbg/annrpt/2002/chapter5.html
The Rosalie Wolf Memorial Award was created in 2002 to commemorate the life and honor the accomplishments of Dr. Rosalie Wolf, Founding President, National Committee for the Prevention of Elder Abuse [preventabuse.org]
This year's distinguished award for excellence will be presented at the 10th International Conference on Family Violence: Working Together to End Abuse [fvsai.org], in San Diego, California, September 2005.
Nominations may be made for an individual or organization demonstrating dedication and a strong commitment to further the exceptional work of the late Dr. Wolf in elder abuse prevention and awareness.
The deadline for nominations is April 22, 2005. For further information about award, contact Megan Wiley at email@example.com
Download Nomination Form >> preventelderabuse.org/new/nomination_form.html
The California Bankers Association (CBA) announced the availability this month of a new training tool on elder financial exploitation. Although it references California-specific laws and adult protective services contacts, the information is excellent and will be valuable for everyone.
Financial institutions and consumers alike are encouraged to access these materials to learn more about spotting possible elder financial abuse schemes and what can be done to help seniors avoid becoming victims of this crime.
On the Internet at >> calbankers.com./content/governmentandlegalaffairs_elderabusetrainingmaterials.asp
In a related matter, the CBA recently proposed a state legislative bill to create a voluntary reporting system for suspected elder and dependent financial abuse.
For more information, go to >> calbankers.com./content/gr_issuesbrief_financialelderabuse.asp
The Asian and Pacific Islander Institute on Domestic Violence has announced the release of a new report "The Community Engagement Continuum: Outreach, Mobilization, Organizing and Accountability to Address Violence Against Women in Asian and Pacific Islander Communities." Culturally relevant strategies for addressing domestic violence are documented in detail.
The report is available on the Institute's Web site at >> http://www.apiahf.org/apidvinstitute/default.htm
Academy Award-winning filmmaker Maryann DeLeo and Grammy Award-winning singer-songwriter-activist Michael Bolton have teamed up for a powerful documentary that explores the problem of domestic violence. Watch an emotional mix of stories about several women from different walks of life who have all undergone physical, verbal or sexual abuse.
SOURCE: Lifetime TV's Stop Violence Against Women Campaign >> lifetimetv.com/community/olc/violence/action_center.html
On March 23, the National Institute on Aging (NIA) announced the availability of $1.7 million in funds for the scientific study of elder mistreatment. The government's research priorities include:
The NIA expects to award six to eight grants this year totaling $1,700,000.
Letter of Intent Deadline: June 1, 2005
Application Deadline: June 23, 2005
Download RFP >> grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-AG-05-009.html
Public Health Service Grant Application Form >> grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/phs398/phs398.html
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has announced the availability of a fiscal year 2005 cooperative agreement to build comprehensive prevention program planning and evaluation capacity among selected Rape Prevention and Education (RPE) funded sexual violence prevention programs and to assess short-term and intermediate capacity building outcomes for each program.
Applications may be submitted by the health departments of states and territories, which are current recipients of RPE funding.
Approximate Number of Awards: 4
Letter of Intent Deadline: April 18, 2005
Application Deadline: May 16, 2005
Download RFP >> http://www.cdc.gov/od/pgo/funding/05037.htm
Applications are now being accepted for the National Institute of Justice's 2005 Graduate Research Fellowship Program. The Students who have completed all doctoral degree requirements except the research, writing, and defense of a dissertation. Among the priority studies sought are research studies on elder fraud, court services for litigants and other participants who have special needs, and community prosecution.
Deadline: September 15, 2005. Paper applications are not accepted.
For RFP go to >> http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/funding.htm
"As anyone who works with abused elders can tell you, elder abuse victims often live in quiet despair. They are reluctant to seek help because of ageism or fear of retaliation. To protect family members, they often remain silent until their situations are desperate. They feel ashamed to be victimized by people they trusted and worry that officials will not believe them because of their age."
—Joyce DeMonnin, Coordinator, Washington County, Oregon Elder Safe Program and Co-Chairperson of Washington County Domestic Violence Council
The Oregonion 10 March 2005
|Table of Contents|
Policy & Legislation
In Focus: Elderly Sexual Abuse and Assault
NCEA News & Resources
On the Frontlines
Research & Scholarship
Trends & Statistics
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The NCEA Newsletter is supported in part by a grant, No. 90-AM-2792, from the U.S. Administration on Aging, Department of Health and Human Services.
Points of view or opinions expressed in this publication do not necessarily represent the official views of AoA/HHS or any of the NCEA's affiliated partners.